Carnitine is the compound that is biosynthesized (the process that simple compounds are turned into more complex compounds) from methionine and lysine. Carnitine is not an essential nutrient because our body can produce the various types of Carnitine.
Carnitine can also be found in the food we eat but the richest source turns out to be red meat. The say the redder the meat the more carnitine as a rule of thumb. (Yuck!)
Other sources include chicken, pork, fish, asparagus, whole milk, and some cheeses. If you are a vegan athlete then you will need to supplement or eat a lot of avocado, nuts and mushrooms.
There are three types of Carnitine:
- Acetyl L-Carnitine
These three are found naturally in our bodies. Due to the abundance of Carnitine in our body, they play a number of important roles that we will discuss in other posts.